Title to minerals and royalties in Texas has long been riddled with problems arising from subject-to, reservations-from, and exceptions-to provisions.  Over the years these problems have naturally found their way into the Texas courts, highlighting the critical importance of drafting language to avoid ambiguity and clarify intent.  Emphasis is placed on intent, as unambiguous

On April 14, the Railroad Commission of Texas held a marathon virtual meeting to hear from nearly sixty of the state’s energy leaders including executives from some of the most prominent oil producers and midstream companies, industry analysts, consultants and academics. A reported 20,000 people tuned into the public meeting from across the globe to